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Saturday, September 19, 2015

Marie Magdeleine Blanche Geneviève DelSarte (1853-1927)

  Painter and Teacher (1853-1927)

 Marie Magdeleine DelSarte painting in Calais 1890 (Source 1)

 

Marie Magdeleine Blanche Geneviève was the second daughter of François Alexandre Nicolas Chéri DelSarte  (1811-1871) and Rosine ADRIEN of the House of Philippy Bucelly d'Estrées (1817-1891). 


Marie Magdeleine studied at the Julian Atelier, also known as Académie Julian  in Paris between 1877 and 1889. She was the student of Gustave Boulanger (1824-1888), Tony Robert-Fleury (1837-1911), and Jules-Joseph Lefebre (1834-1912). Later on Marie Magdeleine become a teacher of painting at the Julian Atelier (Source 2).



Madeleine Real del Sarte and M. Julian (1876) Source 3



Marie-Magdeleine Real del Sarte and Mr. Julian (Source 20)



She received "Honorable Mention" at a French Salon genre painting in oil. The painting was entitled "La Misère" (an old man and child begging).

 Marie Magdeleine was one of the  teachers of  the well-noted French painter and relative of hers Thérèse M. Géraldy (1886-1965), Chev. of the French Legion of Honor. Thérèse M. Géraldy was the daughter of her sister Marie DelSarte who was a sculptor (Source 4).


L'Atelier de Magdeleine (Source 19)







Click to see  Thérèse M. Géraldy [DelSarte]


The Académie Julian was founded by Rodolphe Julian in 1868 a  private art studio for students.  Throughout the many years that the academy was opened, both teachers and students gained fame. Among the most famous students were Marie Bashkirtseff (1858-1884) and Diego Rivera (1886-1957).  Marie Magdeleine was a student of Tony Robert Fleury (1837-1912) and  Jules Joseph Lefebvre (1836-1911), Source 4. 

One of the few studies conducted into the life and painting career of Marie Magdeleine DelSarte was done by a relative of hers, Mr. Bertrand Bedel de Buzareingues. The study was entitled

" MAGDELEINE REAL DEL SARTE (1853 – 1927) - VIE ET ŒUVRE" (1988).

 He is the descendant of Geneviève Réal del Sarte (1896-1974). Geneviève was the  daughter of Désiré Louis RÉAL and Marie Magdeleine Blanche Geneviève DelSarte.


RÉAL and DelSARTE Union (1887) 


In 1887, Marie Magdeleine Blanche Geneviève DelSarte (1853-1927) married the sculptor and officer Désiré Louis RÉAL, Chevalier de  de la Légion d'honneur, who was a cousin of hers, and  issued: 


1. Maxime Réal del Sarte (1888-1954)
2. Yves Réal del Sarte (1891-1979)
3.  Serge Réal del Sarte (1892-1917)
4. André  Réal del Sarte (1893-)
5. Geneviéve Réal del Sarte (1896-1974)



Désiré REAL (1852-1909) and Marie Magdeleine's Marriage Certificate (Source 5)

 

The Artistic Name of the Family

 As the 1887 marriage certificate of Désiré Louis RÉAL and Marie-Magdeleine-Blanche DelSarte confirms, the "DelSarte" last named was spelled as one word. 



Although there was no legal  change of spelling  to the last name DelSarte, the family of Désiré Louis  and Marie Magdeleine used in public the last name of  RÉAL DEL SARTE as apparent in the Requiem card of 1909 of Désiré Louis RÉAL (see below).




One possible explanation for the joining of these two last names was that Désiré Louis was a DelSarte through his paternal side.


However, Marie Magdeleine's professional name varies. Sometimes she is referred to as
1) "Marie Madeleine Blanche DelSarte" (according to the marriage certificate above)

2)"Madame RÉAL DEL SARTE"

3) "Marie Magdeleine Blanche Geneviève DelSarte"


In any case, by government decree dated from July 31, 1961, the descendants of Désiré Louis RÉAL and Marie Madeleine Blanche Geneviève DelSarte have the legal right to bear the combined last names of Real and del Sarte (Source 22). 

Photograph of Marie-Magdeleine Real del Sarte (Source 20)

 

Image Disclosure 

 If you are the holder of the copyrights of any of the images contained herein and believe that you have not been properly credited or would like your image taken down from this blog, please contact the "Blog Administrator" (Gaigneron de Marolles).

 

The Artistic Signature 

 

As for her artistic signature, it evolved from "Magdeleine DelSarte" to  "RÉAL DEL SARTE"

Engraving of F. DelSarte by Marie-Magdeleine DelSarte (Source 6)



In keeping with the tradition established by Désiré and Marie Magdeleine, their offspring and grand-children signed their name:  "RÉAL DEL SARTE"
 Signature of Marie Magdeleine DelSarte (Real del Sarte), Source 7 

 

Images of Women                        


1888 Marie Magdeleine DelSarte , Source 7


"Paquita" by Marie Magdeleine DelSarte (Private Collection, Source 8)




Drawing by Marie Magdeleine  DelSarte (Public Domain: Source 9)


From "Le monde Illustré" (1893), Source 10




"Rêverie" Source Public Domain


"Étude" Source Public Domain
 



"Entre Deux Danses" 1900 (Source 11)

 

Salon 1903 (Source 12)
Salon 1905, Source 13
Salon 1906, Source 14


Painting by Marie Magdeleine DelSarte
 of Thérèse Marie  Rosine GERALDY (Source 15)

"Le Respos"
Rosine DELSARTE (née Andrien-d'Estrées) 1890 by her daughter (Source 23)

"Ma bonne"
Portrait of a maid, 1888 (Source 24)

Geneviève Bouts (née Real del Sarte), Source 25
 

Geneviève Bouts (née Real del Sarte), Source 25

 
"Jeune fille et son chien" Saldon de Paris - No date 

 

 

Images of Men

 

Engraving by Marie Magdeleine DelSarte of her father François DelSarte (Picture Public Domain, Source 16)



"Dr. Faust" Salon 1908 (Source 17)

The Louis-Désiré Real del Sarte by his wife (Source 20)

 

 

Images of Children 

1890 Calais (Source 18)
 


Maxime Real del Sarte (Source 19)

Yves Real del Sarte (Source 19)

André Real del Sarte (Source 19)

 

 

Artistic Chronology [Source 20]

 

 1853 - Born June 23 in 36 rue de Chaillot in Paris. Given the name of Marie-Magdeleine-Blanche-Geneviève 

1863 - death of Xavier DelSarte (son of François DelSarte and Rosine Adrien) at the age of 18 years

1868 - Marie-Anne DelSarte has a gallery exposition for the first time

1871 - Marie Magdeleine DelSarte enters L'École National de dessins pour les jeunes filles

1873 - Marie Magdeleine DelSarte wins first second prize at the L'École National de dessins

1873 - Marie Magdeleine sold first art work to Madame Fossy 

1874 - She left the L'École National de dessins and entered the Académie Julian in Paris

1876 - Begins to give private lessons in her home

1877 - First exposition of portrait entitled "Melle L.." and "M. Del Sarte"

1879 - Her brother, the composer, Gustave DelSarte died

1880 - Marie Magdeleine began to give lessons at the Académie Julian

1881 - Marriage of Marie-Anne DelSarte to Mr. Marcel Geraldy

1881 - Marie Bashkirtseff (1858-1884), one of the best known female painters of the Academie Julian, painted Marie Magdeleine Blanche DelSarte (1853-1927) in the painting known today as "The Studio".  Marie DelSarte, in a letter to the newspaper "Comoedia" dated from 1926 and referring to a newspaper article from February 4, 1926, clarified the mystery of who was the blond girl at the center of the painting. She said, "la personne du centre, en blouse claire, n'est pas Marie Bashkirtseff, c'est moi qui le lui ai posé" (Source 21). Moreover, Marie DelSarte stated that Marie Bashkirtseff is the one in black, facing the girls painting. Most importantly, Marie DelSarte was the one that drew Marie Bashkirtseff.



"The Studio" (Public Domain)
 

Marie-Magdeleine-Blanche DelSarte (Public Domain)



1880 - Exposition of her first huile: "Portrait of F. Del Sarte"

1886 - Received silver medal for an exposition at the Society of the Friends of Arts of Seine-et-Oise

1887 -  Marie Magdeleine become Secretary of the french artist union and on March 1st married her cousin Désiré Louis Réal

1890 - Marie-Mageline paints a boy in Calais. The "jeune matelot" was actually photographed while posing for Madame DelSarte. Thanks to the painting of the boy, the Blog Administrator was able to confirm that the image of the woman painting the boy was none other than Madame DelSarte (Source 21). 

1891 - January 4 death of Rosine DelSarte (née Adrien of the House of Philippy Bucelly d'Estrées) Rosine was the daughter of Martin-Joseph ANDRIEN and Gabrielle Constance de Philippy de Bucelly d'Estrées.

1926 -  Marie Magdeleine writes to the newspaper "Comoedia" to explain that she was a very close friend of Marie Bashkirtseff and that woman in the center of the famous painting (Le studio) was not Marie but herself (Source 21)

1927 - March 16 death of Marie Magdeleine Blanche Genevieve Réal del Sarte

 
Necrology of Madame Marie-Madeleine Real del Sarte (1927, Le Figaro)

 

The Réal del Sarte Legacy

To this day, the descendants of  Marie-Magdeleine-Blanche DelSarte and Désiré-Louis Réal del Sarte continue to be involved in the world of art. These relatives include the painter Philippe Réal del Sarte (1943-) and Caroline Marty-Réal del Sarte (1961-). Another, Mr. Bertrand Bedel de Buzareingues (1963-) is an art historian and well-established art restorer in Paris. 

 

Suggested Resources

  1) Bertrand Bedel de Buzareingues: Mémoire de maitrise d'histoire de l'art. Montpellier III. Magdeleine Real del Sarte (1853-1927),vie et œuvre (1988).


2). "Marie Magdeleine DelSarte (1853-1927)" entry on Wikipedia in French

 https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magdeleine_Real_del_Sarte#cite_note-gallica.bnf.fr-13

3) " Marie Magdeleine DelSarte (1853-1927)" entry on Wikipedia in English

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marie_Magdeleine_Real_del_Sarte


3) Jane Becker, et al. "Overcoming All Obstacles: The Women of the Académie Julian" (1999). Book has been partially digitized by Google Books.




___________________________________________

Blog Entry Sources

1) Photograph of M. Real del Sarte is the courtesy of her grandson, Mr. Olivier Real del Sarte

2) Information provided on the life of Marie-Magdeleine-Blanche Réal del Sarte was taken from the Masters thesis of Mr. Bertrand Bedel de Buzareingues. The book was made available thanks to Mr. Olivier Real del Sarte. 

3) Image of Marie-Magdeleine-Blanche Réal del Sarte being taught how to paint was taken from the  book: "Overcoming All Obstacles: The Women of the Académie Julian" , 1999, p. 74. The caricature was taken from the album entitled "Croquis de Madame Gerladi". The sketch was done in pencil in 1876. The possible author could be Therese Geraldy.The last name was on purpose spelled with an "i". This could be an accident or that in fact we are talking about the same person.

4) Information on the teacher of M. Real del Sarte was taken from the website https://sites.google.com/site/academiejulian/ on  Académie Julian

5) The marriage certificate of Désiré Réal and Marie Magdeleine was the courtesy of F. Marty-Real
del Sarte.

6) The engraving of F. DelSarte by Marie-Magdeleine DelSarte was taken from the National Library of France (BNF). It is the most widely used image on the internet of F. DelSarte. The engraving  first appeared in a book on the Delsarte system published in English.

7) The original image was located on the website "delcampe" and was being sold as a post card. However, it appears that the image was actually published by the magazine "Paris Illustré". on 1/09/1888.

8) Paquita" by Marie Magdeleine DelSarte is the courtesy of F. Marty-Real del Sarte.

9) Drawing by Marie-Magdeleine was taken from the Gutenberg Project. Original title "Do you want a model". Now in the Public Domain.

10) Image received from Mr. Jean Catherine via e-mail. Originally published in "Le monde illustré" on August 5, 1893.

11) The image "Entre deux danses" was taken from Ebay. It is in the form of a postcard.

12) Image of  Salon 1903 is the courtesy of delcampe website  (http://www.delcampe.fr).

13) Image of  Salon 1905 is the courtesy of delcampe website  (http://www.delcampe.fr).

14) Image of Salon 1906 the courtesy of Mr. Bedel de Buzareingues.

15) The image of Thérèse Marie  Rosine GERALDY is the courtesy of Mr. Bedel de Buzareingues via Mr. Olivier Real del Sarte.

16) The engraving of F. DelSarte by Marie-Magdeleine DelSarte was taken from the National Library of France (BNF). It is the most widely used image on the internet of F. DelSarte. The engraving  first appeared in a book on the Delsarte system published in English.

17) Image of Dr. Faust is the courtesy of delcampe website  (http://www.delcampe.fr).

18) The image of the child in Calais dating from 1890 is the courtesy of Mr. Jean Catherine via e-mail. The image was originally placed in a website that specializes in antiques and paintings.

19) Images of paintings done by Marie Magdeleine DelSarte of her three children (Maxime, Yves, and André) were the courtesy of Mr. Bertrand Bedel de Buzareingues via Mr. Olivier Réal del Sarte.


20) The chronology of the life and works of Marie-Magdeleine DelSarte was taken from the Masters thesis of Mr. Bertrand Bedel de Buzareingues. The original study on the life of Marie-Magdeleine DelSarte was conducted in French. Thus, the chronology represents the translation of the Blog Administrator. Moreover, the Blog Administrator has added certain dates to the chronology done by Mr. Bedel de Buzareingues.

21)  New information on the life and work of Marie-Magdeleine DelSarte was provided by Mr. Jean Catherine via e-mail. We are deeply grateful to him and his contributions. He is the author of the first Wikipedia in French on M. Real del Sarte and T. Geraldy.

22) Information taken from the study conducted by Mr. Pierre-Marie DIOUDONNAT (1997), Volume 4, into French families.

23) Portrait of Madame Rosine DELSARTE (née Andrien-d'Estrées) was done by her daughter in 1890 and image is in the public domain

24) Portrait of a maid was done by Marie-Magdeleine Real del Sarte in 1888 and it was shown at the Royal Academy. The portrait is of the maid of the artist. The portrait one first prize in London.

25) The image of Genevieve Bouts (née) Real del Sarte are the courtesy of Mr. Bedel de Buzarenigues and Mr.  J. Catherine. The portrait dates from about 1912.

26) "Jeune fille et son chien" image was taken from the website http://delcampe.net/. There is no date to the image.  


Page Updated 3.10.18